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Ribosome-associated chloroplast SRP54 enables efficient co-translational membrane insertion of key photosynthetic proteins

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Gerlach,  I.
Translational Regulation in Plants, Department Bock, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

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Zoschke,  R.
Translational Regulation in Plants, Department Bock, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

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Hristou, A., Gerlach, I., Stolle, D. S., Neumann, J., Bischoff, A., Dünschede, B., et al. (2019). Ribosome-associated chloroplast SRP54 enables efficient co-translational membrane insertion of key photosynthetic proteins. The Plant Cell, 31, 2734-2750. doi:10.1105/tpc.19.00169.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-103A-8
Abstract
Key proteins of the photosynthetic complexes are encoded on the chloroplast genome and co-translationally inserted into the thylakoid membrane. However, the molecular details of this process are largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate by ribosome profiling that the conserved chloroplast signal recognition particle subunit, cpSRP54, is required for efficient co-translational targeting of several central photosynthetic proteins, like the photosystem II PsbA (D1) subunit. High-resolution analysis of membrane-associated and soluble ribosome footprints revealed that the SRP-dependent membrane targeting of PsbA is already initiated at a very early translation step before exposure of the nascent chain from the ribosome. Different to cytosolic SRP, which contacts the ribosome close to the peptide tunnel exit site, analysis of the cpSRP54/ribosome binding interface revealed a direct interaction of cpSRP54 and the ribosomal subunit uL4, which is not located at the tunnel exit site but forms a part of the internal peptide tunnel wall by a loop domain. The plastid specific C-terminal tail region of cpSRP54 plays a crucial role in uL4 binding. Our data indicate a novel mechanism of SRP-dependent membrane protein transport with the cpSRP54/uL4 interaction as a central element in early initiation of co-translational membrane targeting.