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Journal Article

High resolution quantitative element mapping of neuromelanin-containing neurons

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Reinert, T., Fiedler, A., Morawski, M., & Arendt, T. (2007). High resolution quantitative element mapping of neuromelanin-containing neurons. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 260(1), 227-230. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2007.02.070.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-CED7-2
Neuromelanin is a dark coloured intracellular pigment that appears in a specific population of neurons (dopaminergic and noradrenergic) predominantly in the substantia nigra and in the locus coeruleus. In recent years, there is increasing interest in the role of neuromelanin because of a hypothesised link between this pigment and the cell death of neuromelanin-containing neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD). Therefore, the role of neuromelanin in the pathology of \PD\ is an actual focus in neuroscience. We have investigated the elemental contents and distributions of sulphur, calcium, iron, nickel and copper of neuromelanin in dopaminergic neurons for a Parkinson case and a control case (in situ, 6xa0;μm brain sections). There was no difference in the iron concentration between the two cases. However, the calcium concentration was 3-fold higher in the Parkinson case, whereas the copper and nickel concentrations decreased. An ultrastructural investigation of the concentrations of calcium and iron within the neuromelanin suggests that these two elements are not necessarily co-localized.