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Journal Article

Nonsingular zero-order bulk models of sheared convective boundary layers

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Haghshenas,  Armin
Max Planck Research Group Turbulent Mixing Processes in the Earth System, The Atmosphere in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;
IMPRS on Earth System Modelling, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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Mellado,  Juan-Pedro
Max Planck Research Group Turbulent Mixing Processes in the Earth System, The Atmosphere in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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jas-d-19-0022.1.pdf
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Citation

Haghshenas, A., Mellado, J.-P., & Hartmann, M. (2019). Nonsingular zero-order bulk models of sheared convective boundary layers. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 76, 3697-3715. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-19-0022.1.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-C45C-8
Abstract
AbstractTwo zero-order bulk models (ZOMs) are developed for the velocity, buoyancy, and moisture of a cloud-free barotropic convective boundary layer (CBL) that grows into a linearly stratified atmosphere. The models differ in the entrainment closure assumption: in the first one, termed ?energetics-based model?, the negative and positive areas of the buoyancy flux are assumed to match between the model and the actual CBL; in the second one, termed ?geometric-based model?, the modeled CBL depth is assumed to match different definitions of the actual CBL depth. Parameterizations for these properties derived from direct numerical simulation (DNS) are employed as entrainment closure equations. These parameterizations, and hence the resulting models, are free from the potential singularity at finite wind strength that has been a major limitation in previous bulk models. The proposed ZOMs are verified using the DNS data. Model results show that the CBL depths obtained from the energetics-based model and previous ZOMs correspond to the height that marks the transition from the lower to the upper entrainment-zone sublayer; this reference height is few hundred meters above the height of the minimum buoyancy flux. It is also argued that ZOMs, despite their simplicity compared to higher-order models, can accurately represent CBL bulk properties when the relevant features of the actual entrainment zone are considered in the entrainment closures. The vertical structure of the actual entrainment zone, if required, can be constructed a posteriori using the available relationships between the predicted zero-order CBL depth and various definitions of the actual CBL depth.