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Journal Article

Apurinic endonuclease from Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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Hess,  Ulrich
Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Thielmann, H. W., & Hess, U. (1981). Apurinic endonuclease from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biochemical Journal, 195(2), 407-417. doi:10.1042/bj1950407.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-F382-6
Abstract
An endonuclease cleaving depurinated and alkylated double-stranded DNA has been purified 500-fold from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, strain MB 1052. The enzyme has an Mr of 31 000 +/- 2000, a sedimentation value of 3.2S and a diffusion coefficient of 9.5 X 10-7 cm2/s. The enzyme was active only at apurinic/apyridiminic sites, regardless of whether they were produced by heating the DNA at acidic pH or by alkylation with the ultimate carcinogen methyl methanesulphonate. Native DNA was not acted upon. U.v.-irradiated DNA and DNA treated with the ultimate carcinogen N-acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene were cleaved to an extent related to the extent of apurinic/apyridiminic sites. Enzymic activity was not dependent upon Mg2+, but was stimulated approx. 3-fold by 4mM-Mg2+. The enzyme did not bind to DEAE-cellulose or CM-cellulose at KCl concentrations greater than 160 mM. The endonuclease was obtained free of exonuclease and 3-methyladenine-DNA glycosylase activity in five chromatographic steps.