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Test–Retest Reliability of the Brain Metabolites GABA and Glx With JPRESS, PRESS, and MEGA‐PRESS MRS Sequences in vivo at 3T

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Wyss,  PO
Research Group MR Spectroscopy and Ultra-High Field Methodology, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Henning,  A
Research Group MR Spectroscopy and Ultra-High Field Methodology, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Baeshen, A., Wyss, P., Henning, A., O'Gorman, R., Piccirelli, M., Kollias, S., et al. (2019). Test–Retest Reliability of the Brain Metabolites GABA and Glx With JPRESS, PRESS, and MEGA‐PRESS MRS Sequences in vivo at 3T. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Epub ahead. doi:10.1002/jmri.26921.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-F697-C
Abstract
Background The optimization of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) sequences allows improved diagnosis and prognosis of neurological and psychological disorders. Thus, to assess the test–retest and intersequence reliability of such MRS sequences in quantifying metabolite concentrations is of clinical relevance. Purpose To evaluate the test–retest and intersequence reliability of three MRS sequences to estimate GABA and Glx = Glutamine+Glutamate concentrations in the human brain. Study Type Prospective. Subjects Eighteen healthy participants were scanned twice (range: 1 day to 1 week between the two sessions) with identical protocols. Field Strength/Sequence 3T using a 32‐channel SENSE head coil in the PCC region; PRESS, JPRESS, and MEGA‐PRESS sequences. Assessment Metabolite concentrations were estimated using LCModel (for PRESS and MEGA‐PRESS) and ProFit2 (for JPRESS). Statistical Tests The test–retest reliability was evaluated by Wilcoxon signed‐rank tests, Pearson's r correlation coefficients, intraclass‐correlation coefficients (ICC), coefficients of variation (CV), and by Bland–Altman (BA) plots. The intersequence reliability was assessed with Wilcoxon signed‐rank tests, Pearson's r correlation coefficients, and BA plots. Results For GABA, only the MEGA‐PRESS sequence showed a moderate test–retest correlation (r = 0.54, ICC = 0.5, CV = 8.8%) and the BA plots indicated good agreement (P > 0.05) for all sequences. JPRESS provided less precise results and PRESS was insensitive to GABA. For Glx, the r and ICC values for PRESS (r = 0.87, ICC = 0.9, CV = 2.9%) and MEGA‐PRESS (r = 0.70, ICC = 0.7, CV = 5.3%) reflect higher correlations, compared with JPRESS (r = 0.39, ICC = 0.4, CV = 20.1%).