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The orthogonal shim coil for 3T brain imaging

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Zhou,  J
Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Scheffler,  K
Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Zhou, J., Stockmann, J., Arango, N., Witzel, T., Scheffler, K., Wald, L., et al. (2019). The orthogonal shim coil for 3T brain imaging. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Epub ahead. doi:10.1002/mrm.28010.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-F6A8-9
Abstract
Purpose We designed and implemented an orthogonal shim array consisting of shim coils with their planes perpendicular to the planes of neighboring RF coils. This shim coil improves the magnetic field homogeneity by minimizing the interference to RF coils. Methods Using realistic off‐resonance maps of the human brain, we first evaluated the performance of shim coils in different orientations. Based on simulations, we developed a 7‐channel orthogonal shim array, whose coil plan was perpendicular to neighboring RF coils, at the forehead. A programmable open‐source current driver supplied shim currents. Results The 7‐channel orthogonal shim array caused only marginal SNR loss to the integrated 32‐channel RF‐shim array. The 7‐channel orthogonal shim array itself improved the magnetic field homogeneity by 30% in slice‐optimized shimming, comparable to the baseline shimming offered by the scanner's 2nd order spherical harmonic shimming. Conclusion Orthogonal shim coils can improve the field homogeneity while maintaining high image SNR.