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Porous nitrogen-doped carbon/carbon nanocomposite electrodes enable sodium ion capacitors with high capacity and rate capability

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Yan,  Runyu
Martin Oschatz, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

Leus ,  Karen
Markus Antonietti, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Antonietti,  Markus
Markus Antonietti, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Oschatz,  Martin
Martin Oschatz, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Yan, R., Leus, K., Hofmann, J. P., Antonietti, M., & Oschatz, M. (2020). Porous nitrogen-doped carbon/carbon nanocomposite electrodes enable sodium ion capacitors with high capacity and rate capability. Nano Energy, 67: 104240. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2019.104240.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-1263-7
Abstract
The realization of electrochemical energy storage devices combining high energy and power density places high demands on the electrode materials. It remains difficult to provide high metal storage capacity and rate capability at the same time in one and the same material. By decoupling metal storage and electron transport in different phases of a nanostructured electrode composed of nitrogen-rich carbon nanoparticles which are embedded into a conductive mesoporous carbon matrix, this dilemma can be minimized. The composite material has a remarkable performance for sodium storage with a reversible capacity of 343 mAh g-1 at 0.1 A g-1 and capacity retention of 124 mAh g-1 at 20 A g-1. This work shows that a properly designed nanocomposite material can fulfill both requirements and sheds new light on resolving the seemingly conflicting energy/power density demands in current electrochemical energy storage devices.