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The evolution and origin of ionized gas velocity dispersion from z ~ 2.6 to z ~ 0.6 with KMOS3D

MPS-Authors
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Übler,  H.
Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Genzel,  R.
Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Förster-Schreiber,  N. M.
Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Shimizu,  T. T.
Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Price,  S. H.
Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Tacconi,  L. J.
Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Belli,  S.
Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Wilman,  D. J.
Optical and Interpretative Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Davies,  R. L.
Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Fabricius,  M.
Optical and Interpretative Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Herrera-Camus,  R.
Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Lutz,  D.
Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Übler, H., Genzel, R., Wisnioski, E., Förster-Schreiber, N. M., Shimizu, T. T., Price, S. H., et al. (2019). The evolution and origin of ionized gas velocity dispersion from z ~ 2.6 to z ~ 0.6 with KMOS3D. The Astrophysical Journal, 880(1): 48. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab27cc.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-0FEF-F
Abstract
We present the 0.6 < z < 2.6 evolution of the ionized gas velocity dispersion in 175 star-forming disk galaxies based on data from the full KMOS3D integral field spectroscopic survey. In a forward-modeling Bayesian framework including instrumental effects and beam-smearing, we fit simultaneously the observed galaxy velocity and velocity dispersion along the kinematic major axis to derive the intrinsic velocity dispersion σ0. We find a reduction of the average intrinsic velocity dispersion of disk galaxies as a function of cosmic time, from σ0 ~ 45 km s−1 at z ~ 2.3 to σ 0 ~ 30 km s−1 at z ~ 0.9. There is substantial intrinsic scatter (δσ 0int ≈ 10 km s−1) around the best-fit σ 0–z relation beyond what can be accounted for from the typical measurement uncertainties (δσ 0 ≈ 12 km s−1), independent of other identifiable galaxy parameters. This potentially suggests a dynamic mechanism such as minor mergers or variation in accretion being responsible for the scatter. Putting our data into the broader literature context, we find that ionized and atomic+molecular velocity dispersions evolve similarly with redshift, with the ionized gas dispersion being ~10–15 km s−1 higher on average. We investigate the physical driver of the on average elevated velocity dispersions at higher redshift and find that our galaxies are at most marginally Toomre-stable, suggesting that their turbulent velocities are powered by gravitational instabilities, while stellar feedback as a driver alone is insufficient. This picture is supported through comparison with a state-of-the-art analytical model of galaxy evolution.