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Journal Article

Probing the Cyclotron line characteristics of 4U 1538–522 using AstroSat-LAXPC


Maitra,  Chandreyee
High Energy Astrophysics, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Varun, Maitra, C., Pradhan, P., Raichur, H., & Paul, B. (2018). Probing the Cyclotron line characteristics of 4U 1538–522 using AstroSat-LAXPC. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 484(1), L1-L6. doi:10.1093/mnrasl/sly234.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-205C-0
We report the first report on cyclotron line studies with the LAXPC instrument onboard AstroSat of the high-mass X-ray binary pulsar 4U 1538–52. During the observation of source that spanned about 1 d with a net exposure of 50 ks, the source X-ray flux remained constant. Pulse profile is double peaked in low-energy range and has a single peak in high-energy range, the transition taking place around the cyclotron line energy of the source. Cyclotron scattering feature (CRSF) is detected at ∼22 keV with a very high significance in phase-averaged spectrum. It is one of the highest signal to noise ratio detections of CRSF for this source. We performed detailed pulse-phase-resolved spectral analysis with 10 independent phase bins. We report the results of pulse-phase-resolved spectroscopy of the continuum and CRSF parameters. The cyclotron line parameters show pulse phase dependence over the entire phase with a CRSF energy variation of ∼13 per cent⁠, which is in agreement with previous studies. We also confirm the increase in the centroid energy of the CRSF observed between the 1996–2004 (RXTE) and the 2012 (Suzaku) observations, reinforcing that the increase was a long-term change.