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Journal Article

Contextual speech rate influences morphosyntactic prediction and integration

MPS-Authors
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Kaufeld,  Greta
International Max Planck Research School for Language Sciences, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;
Psychology of Language Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;

Naumann,  Wibke
Psychology of Language Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;

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Meyer,  Antje S.
Psychology of Language Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, External Organizations;

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Bosker,  Hans R.
Psychology of Language Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, External Organizations;

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Martin,  Andrea E.
Psychology of Language Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, External Organizations;
Language and Computation in Neural Systems, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;

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Supplementary Material (public)

plcp_a_1701691_sm5403.pdf
(Supplementary material), 72KB

plcp_a_1701691_sm5404.pdf
(Supplementary material), 46KB

Citation

Kaufeld, G., Naumann, W., Meyer, A. S., Bosker, H. R., & Martin, A. E. (2020). Contextual speech rate influences morphosyntactic prediction and integration. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 35(7), 933-948. doi:10.1080/23273798.2019.1701691.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-4E04-0
Abstract
Understanding spoken language requires the integration and weighting of multiple cues, and may call on cue integration mechanisms that have been studied in other areas of perception. In the current study, we used eye-tracking (visual-world paradigm) to examine how contextual speech rate (a lower-level, perceptual cue) and morphosyntactic knowledge (a higher-level, linguistic cue) are iteratively combined and integrated. Results indicate that participants used contextual rate information immediately, which we interpret as evidence of perceptual inference and the generation of predictions about upcoming morphosyntactic information. Additionally, we observed that early rate effects remained active in the presence of later conflicting lexical information. This result demonstrates that (1) contextual speech rate functions as a cue to morphosyntactic inferences, even in the presence of subsequent disambiguating information; and (2) listeners iteratively use multiple sources of information to draw inferences and generate predictions during speech comprehension. We discuss the implication of these demonstrations for theories of language processing