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Uranium-based materials for thermoelectric applications

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Svanidze,  E.
Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Veremchuk,  I.
Igor Veremchuk, Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Leithe-Jasper,  A.
Andreas Leithe-Jasper, Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Grin,  Yu.
Juri Grin, Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Svanidze, E., Veremchuk, I., Leithe-Jasper, A., & Grin, Y. (2019). Uranium-based materials for thermoelectric applications. Applied Physics Letters, 115(21): 213905, pp. 1-5. doi:10.1063/1.5128593.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-4FC8-2
Abstract
Uranium-based compounds possess several properties which make them suitable candidates for thermoelectric applications - complex crystal structures made of heavy components, electrons with enhanced effective masses, as well as low thermal conductivity. However, the difficulty in predicting their properties by computational means, coupled with the lack of experimental investigations on these peculiar systems, limits our understanding of the effect of 5f- and conduction electron hybridization on the Seebeck coefficient, as well as electric and thermal conductivities. In this work, we examine a family of uranium-based materials with a crystal structure of the ternary Zintl phase Y3Au3Sb4. The thermoelectric properties of U 3 T 3Sb4 (T = Ni, Pd, and Pt) compounds are highly dependent upon their microstructures and compositions, arising from the differences in their synthesis. The maximum value of the thermoelectric figure of merit Z T ≈ 0.02 was obtained for the U3Pt3Sb4 compound in the - 100 °C ≤ T ≤ 100 °C temperature range, which makes this material interesting for further development in aerospace applications. © 2019 Author(s).