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On orthogonal hypergeometric groups of degree five

MPS-Authors
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Bajpai,  Jitendra
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Max Planck Society;

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Singh,  Sandip
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Max Planck Society;

External Ressource

https://doi.org/10.1090/tran/7677
(Publisher version)

Fulltext (public)

arXiv:1706.08791.pdf
(Preprint), 318KB

Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Bajpai, J., & Singh, S. (2019). On orthogonal hypergeometric groups of degree five. Transactions of the American Mathematical Society, 372(11), 7541-7572. doi:10.1090/tran/7677.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-52EF-2
Abstract
A computation shows that there are 77 (up to scalar shifts) possible pairs of integer coefficient polynomials of degree five having roots of unity as their roots and satisfying the conditions of Beukers and Heckman, so that the Zariski closures of the associated monodromy groups are either finite or the orthogonal groups of non-degenerate and non-positive quadratic forms. Following the criterion of Beukers and Heckman, it is easy to check that only 4 of these pairs correspond to finite monodromy groups, and only 17 pairs correspond to monodromy groups, for which the Zariski closure has real rank one. There are 56 pairs remaining, for which the Zariski closures of the associated monodromy groups have real rank two. It follows from Venkataramana that 11 of these 56 pairs correspond to arithmetic monodromy groups, and the arithmeticity of 2 other cases follows from Singh. In this article, we show that 23 of the remaining 43 rank two cases correspond to arithmetic groups.