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Formation of optical supramolecular structures in a fibre laser by tailoring long-range soliton interactions

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He,  Wenbin
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Pang,  Meng
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Yeh,  Dung-Han
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Huang,  Jiapeng
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Russell,  Philip
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Department of Physics, Friedrich Alexander University;

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Citation

He, W., Pang, M., Yeh, D.-H., Huang, J., Menyuk, C., & Russell, P. (2019). Formation of optical supramolecular structures in a fibre laser by tailoring long-range soliton interactions. Nature Communications, 10(1): 5756, pp. 1-9. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13746-6.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-637F-E
Abstract
Self-assembly of fundamental elements through weak, long-range interactions plays a central role in both supramolecular DNA assembly and bottom-up synthesis of nanostructures. Optical solitons, analogous in many ways to particles, arise from the balance between nonlinearity and dispersion and have been studied in numerous optical systems. Although both short- and long-range interactions between optical solitons have attracted extensive interest for decades, stable soliton supramolecules, with multiple aspects of complexity and flexibility, have thus far escaped experimental observation due to the absence of techniques for enhancing and controlling the long-range inter-soliton forces. Here we report that long-range soliton interactions originating from optoacoustic effects and dispersive-wave radiations can be precisely tailored in a fibre laser cavity, enabling self-assembly of large numbers of optical solitons into highly-ordered supramolecular structures. We demonstrate several features of such optical structures, highlighting their potential applications in optical information storage and ultrafast laser-field manipulation.