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Journal Article

#### First Observation of the Rare Purely Baryonic Decay B0 → p¯p

##### MPS-Authors
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Dembinski,  H. P.
Division Prof. Dr. James A. Hinton, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Popov,  D.
Division Prof. Dr. James A. Hinton, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Schmelling,  M.
Division Prof. Dr. James A. Hinton, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Zavertiaev,  M.
Division Prof. Dr. James A. Hinton, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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##### Fulltext (public)

1709.01156.pdf
(Preprint), 658KB

##### Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
##### Citation

LHCb collaboration, Aaij, R., Adeva, B., Adinolfi, M., Ajaltouni, Z., Akar, S., et al. (2017). First Observation of the Rare Purely Baryonic Decay B0 → p¯p. Physical Review Letters, 119: 232001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.232001.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-7CEC-7
##### Abstract
The first observation of the decay of a $B^0$ meson to a purely baryonic final state, $B^0 \to p \bar{p}$, is reported. The proton-proton collision data sample used was collected with the LHCb experiment at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb$^{-1}$. The branching fraction is determined to be $${\cal B}(B^0 \to p \bar{p}) = ( 1.25 \pm 0.27 \pm 0.18 ) \times 10^{-8} ,$$ where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The decay mode $B^0 \to p \bar{p}$ is the rarest decay of the $B^0$ meson observed to date. The decay $B_s^0 \to p \bar{p}$ is also investigated. No signal is seen and the upper limit ${\cal B}(B_s^0 \to p \bar{p}) < 1.5 \times 10^{-8}$ at 90% confidence level is set on the branching fraction.