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Journal Article

Interlocking nodal chains and their examples in carbon networks


Chang,  Po-Yao
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Li, Z., Xie, Y., Chang, P.-Y., & Chen, Y. (2020). Interlocking nodal chains and their examples in carbon networks. Carbon, 157, 563-569. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2019.10.055.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-82F3-5
Nodal chain is a typical topological phase in nodal line semimetals. Here, we propose a new topological phase - interlocking nodal chains, in which two sets of nodal chains are interlocked each other. It includes one- (1D), two- (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) versions, which can be produced by a three-band model. The 2D and 3D interlocking nodal chains will evolve into some other phases, such as double concentric isolated (or intersecting) nodal rings, coexisting nodal chain and isolated (or intersecting) nodal rings. These phases exhibit diverse surface states and Landau levels, which implies that there are rich electronic and magnetic properties associating with them. Moreover, the 2D interlocking nodal chains and related phase transitions can be realized in a series of carbon networks under strain. Without strain, topological phase in the carbon structures is double concentric isolated nodal rings. A larger tensile strain leads to the phase transiting to an interlocking nodal chain, while the middle phase is a coexisting phase of a nodal chain and isolated nodal rings. In addition, stability and synthesis of the carbon networks are discussed. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.