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Positional variation in perceptual learning: quadratic ideal observation, recurrent pre-processing, and transfer

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Zhaoping, L., Dayan, P., & Herzog, M. (2002). Positional variation in perceptual learning: quadratic ideal observation, recurrent pre-processing, and transfer. Poster presented at 25th European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP 2002), Glasgow, UK.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-9B6F-1
Abstract
Residual eye movements introduce positional variation of stimuli on the retina in different trials of psychophysical experiments, a fact usually overlooked in models of perceptual learning. Using a bisection task as an example, we show that small positional variation changes the structure of the decision rule from linear to quadratic dependence on neural activities that code the input stimuli, invalidating linear feedforward models. We propose that a recurrent intra-cortical net- work, presumably in V1, that pre-processes the stimuli and is tuned through perceptual learning, is responsible for improved performance. Computer simulations in a network designed for a specific distance (2-D) between the outer bars in the bisection stimuli confirm this. However, such networks improve and impair performances for D0 6ˆ D, implying positive and negative transfers of learning. Psychophysical tests, with bisection stimuli on an analog monitor controlled by a Macintosh, however, found only positive transfers, ie performance improvements, for D0 ˆ D D=2, based on training at D. No transfer was found from line to dot bisection stimuli, so learning was indeed perceptual, and transfer cannot be attributed to a general improvement.