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High-Pressure Modification of BiI3

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Schwarz,  Ulrich
Ulrich Schwarz, Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Wosylus,  Aron
Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Schmidt,  Marcus
Marcus Schmidt, Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Akselrud,  Lev
Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Ormeci,  Alim
Chemical Metal Science, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Schwarz, U., Wosylus, A., Schmidt, M., Akselrud, L., Ormeci, A., Hanfland, M., et al. (2019). High-Pressure Modification of BiI3. Inorganics, 7: 143, pp. 1-12. doi:10.3390/inorganics7120143.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-A1F2-3
Abstract
Structural and optical properties as well as chemical bonding of BiI3 at elevated pressures are investigated by means of refinements of X-ray powder diffraction data, measurements of the optical absorption, and calculations of the band structure involving bonding analysis in real space. The data evidence the onset of a phase transition from trigonal (hR24) BiI3 into PuBr3-type (oS16) BiI3 around 4.6 GPa. This high-pressure modification remains stable up to 40 GPa, the highest pressure of this study. The phase exhibits semiconducting properties with constantly decreasing band gap between 5 and 18 GPa. Above this pressure, the absorbance edge broadens significantly. Extrapolation of the determined band gap values implies a semiconductor to metal transition at approximately 35 GPa. The value is in accordance with subtle structural anomalies and the results of band structure calculations. Topological analysis of the computed electron density and the electron-localizability indicator reveal fingerprints for weak covalent Bi-I contributions in addition to dominating ionic interactions for both modifications. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.