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Journal Article

Lorentz boosts of bispinor Bell-like states


Bittencourt,  Victor A. S. V.
Viola-Kusminskiy Research Group, Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Bittencourt, V. A. S. V., & Blasone, M. (2019). Lorentz boosts of bispinor Bell-like states. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1275: 012026. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1275/1/012026.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-B97A-2
We describe in this paper the effects of Lorentz boost on the quantum entanglement encoded in two-particle Dirac bispinor Bell-like states. Each particle composing the system described in this formalism has three degrees of freedom: spin, chirality, and momentum, and the joint state can be interpreted as a 6 qubit state. Given the transformation law of bispinor under boosts, we compute the change of the Meyer-Wallach global measure of quantum entanglement due to the frame transformation and study its equivalence to the results obtained for the relativistic spin 1/2 Bell-like states, constructed in the framework of the irreducible representations of the Lorentz group. We verify that the monotonic increase of the global entanglement under boosts for ultra-relativistic states is solely due to an increasing of the entanglement associated with the spins subsystems. For such ultra-relativistic states, the entanglement related to the chirality degrees of freedom is invariant, and the variation of the global entanglement of bispinor states is the same as the one calculated for relativistic spin 1/2 states. We also show that the particle-particle entanglement is invariant under boosts for any Bell-like state.