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Biomimetic synthesis of sub-20 nm covalent organic frameworks in water

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Pavlović,  Marko
Lukas Zeininger, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Franco, C., Rodríguez-San-Miguel, D., Sorrenti, A., Sevim, S., Pons, R., Platero-Prats, A. E., et al. (2020). Biomimetic synthesis of sub-20 nm covalent organic frameworks in water. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 142(7), 3540-3547. doi:10.1021/jacs.9b12389.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-BFF9-C
Abstract
Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are commonly synthesized under harsh conditions yielding unprocessable powders. Control in their crystallization process and growth has been limited to studies conducted in hazardous organic solvents. Herein, we report a one-pot synthetic method that yields stable aqueous colloidal solutions of sub-20 nm crystalline imine-based COF particles at room temperature and ambient pressure. Additionally, through the combination of experimental and computational studies, we investigated the mechanisms and forces underlying the formation of such imine-based COF colloids in water. Further, we show that our method can be used to process the colloidal solution into 2D and 3D COF shapes as well as to generate a COF ink that can be directly printed onto surfaces. These findings should open new vistas in COF chemistry, enabling new application areas.