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Journal Article

Bipolar Jets Launched by a Mean-field Accretion Disk Dynamo


Fendt,  Christian
Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Max Planck Society and Cooperation Partners;

Gaßmann,  Dennis
Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Max Planck Society and Cooperation Partners;

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Fendt, C., & Gaßmann, D. (2018). Bipolar Jets Launched by a Mean-field Accretion Disk Dynamo. The Astrophysical Journal, 855.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-CDC6-5
By applying magnetohydrodynamic simulations, we investigate the launching of jets driven by a disk magnetic field generated by a mean- field disk dynamo. Extending our earlier studies, we explore the bipolar evolution of the disk α 2Ω-dynamo and the outflow. We confirm that a negative dynamo-α leads to a dipolar field geometry, whereas positive values generate quadrupolar fields. The latter remain mainly confined to the disk and cannot launch outflows. We investigate a parameter range for the dynamo-α ranging from a critical value below which field generation is negligible, {α }0,{crit}=-0.0005, to α 0 = -1.0. For weak | {α }0| ≤slant 0.07, two magnetic loop structures with opposite polarity may arise, which leads to reconnection and disturbs the field evolution and accretion-ejection process. For a strong dynamo-α, a higher poloidal magnetic energy is reached, roughly scaling with {E}mag}̃ | {α }0| , which also leads to higher accretion and ejection rates. The terminal jet speed is governed by the available magnetic energy and increases with the dynamo-α. We find jet velocities on the order of the inner disk Keplerian velocity. For a strong dynamo-α, oscillating dynamo modes may occur that can lead to a pulsed ejection. This is triggered by an oscillating mode in the toroidal field component. The oscillation period is comparable to the Keplerian timescale in the launching region, thus too short to be associated with the knots in observed jets. We find a hemispherically asymmetric evolution for the jet and counter-jet in the mass flux and field structure.