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Journal Article

Thermal quantum gravity condensates in group field theory cosmology


Kotecha,  Isha
Quantum Gravity & Unified Theories, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Assanioussi, M., & Kotecha, I. (2020). Thermal quantum gravity condensates in group field theory cosmology. Physical Review D, 102(4): 044024. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.102.044024.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-D85D-0
The condensate cosmology programme of group field theory quantum gravity has produced several interesting results. The key idea is in the suggestion that a macroscopic homogeneous spacetime can be approximated by a dynamical condensate phase of the underlying microscopic system of an arbitrarily large number of candidate quanta of geometry. In this work, we extend the standard treatments in two ways: by using a class of thermal condensates, the coherent thermal states, which encode statistical fluctuations in quantum geometry; and, by introducing a suitable class of smearing functions as non-singular, well-behaved generalisations for relational clock frames in group field theory. In particular, we investigate an effective relational cosmological dynamics for homogeneous and isotropic spacetimes, extracted from a class of free group field theory models, and subsequently investigate aspects of its late and early times evolution. We find the correct classical limit of Friedmann equations at late times, with a bounce and accelerated inflationary expansion at early times. Specifically, we find additional correction terms in the evolution equations corresponding to the statistical contribution of the new thermal condensates in general; and, a higher upper bound on the number of e-folds, even without including any interactions.