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Determining the duration of an ultra-intense laser pulse directly in its focus

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Mackenroth,  Felix
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Holkundkar,  Amol
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Mackenroth, F., & Holkundkar, A. (2019). Determining the duration of an ultra-intense laser pulse directly in its focus. Scientific Reports, 9: 19607. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-55949-3.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-F76C-C
Abstract
Ultra-intense lasers facilitate studies of matter and particle dynamics at unprecedented electromagnetic field strengths. In order to quantify these studies, precise knowledge of the laser's spatiotemporal shape is required. Due to material damage, however, conventional metrology devices are inapplicable at highest intensities, limiting laser metrology there to indirect schemes at attenuated intensities. Direct metrology, capable of benchmarking these methods, thus far only provides static properties of short-pulsed lasers with no scheme suggested to extract dynamical laser properties. Most notably, this leaves an ultra-intense laser pulse's duration in its focus unknown at full intensity. Here we demonstrate how the electromagnetic radiation pattern emitted by an electron bunch with a temporal energy chirp colliding with the laser pulse depends on the laser's pulse duration. This could eventually facilitate to determine the pulse's temporal duration directly in its focus at full intensity, in an example case to an accuracy of order 10% for fs-pulses, indicating the possibility of an order-of magnitude estimation of this previously inaccessible parameter.