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Kinetics of the OH + NO2 reaction: effect of water vapour and new parameterization for global modelling

MPS-Authors
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Amedro,  Damien
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Berasategui,  Matias
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Bunkan,  Arne Joakim C.
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Pozzer,  Andrea
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Lelieveld,  Jos
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Crowley,  John N.
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Amedro, D., Berasategui, M., Bunkan, A. J. C., Pozzer, A., Lelieveld, J., & Crowley, J. N. (2020). Kinetics of the OH + NO2 reaction: effect of water vapour and new parameterization for global modelling. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20(5), 3091-3105. doi:10.5194/acp-20-3091-2020.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-0418-B
Abstract
The effect of water vapour on the rate coefficient for the atmospherically important, termolecular reaction between OH and NO2 was determined in He-H2O (277, 291, and 332 K) and N2-H2O bath gases (292 K). Combining pulsed-laser photolytic generation of OH and its detection by laser-induced fluorescence (PLP-LIF) with in situ, optical measurement of both NO2 and H2O, we were able to show that (in contrast to previous investigations) the presence of H2O increases the rate coefficient significantly. We derive a rate coefficient for H2O bath gas at the low-pressure limit (k0H2O) of 15.9 x 10-30 cm6 molecule-2 s-1. This indicates that H2O is a more efficient collisional quencher (by a factor of ≈ 6) of the initially formed HO-NO2 association complex than N2, and it is a factor of ≈ 8 more efficient than O2. Ignoring the effect of water vapour will lead to an underestimation of the rate coefficient by up to 15 %, e.g. in the tropical boundary layer. Combining the new experimental results from this study with those from our previous paper in which we report rate coefficients obtained in N2and O2 bath gases (Amedro et al., 2019), we derive a new parameterization for atmospheric modelling of the OH + NO2 reaction and use this in a chemical transport model (EMAC) to examine the impact of the new data on the global distribution of NO2, HNO2, and OH. Use of the new parameters (rather than those given in the IUPAC and NASA evaluations) results in significant changes in the HNO3/NO2 ratio and NOX concentrations (the sign of which depends on which evaluation is used as reference). The model predicts the presence of HOONO (formed along with HNO3 in the title reaction) in concentrations similar to those of HO2NO2 at the tropical tropopause.