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#### Visualizing coexisting surface states in the weak and crystalline
topological insulator Bi_{2}TeI

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##### Citation

Avraham, N., Nayak, A. K., Steinbok, A., Norris, A., Fu, H., Sun, Y., et al. (2020).
Visualizing coexisting surface states in the weak and crystalline topological insulator Bi_{2}TeI.*
Nature Materials,* *19*, 610-616. doi:10.1038/s41563-020-0651-6.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-0DB4-1

##### Abstract

Bi2TeI is identified as a dual topological insulator. It is a weak topological insulator with metallic states at the (010) surfaces and a topological crystalline insulator at the (001) surfaces.
Dual topological materials are unique topological phases that host coexisting surface states of different topological nature on the same or on different material facets. Here, we show that Bi2TeI is a dual topological insulator. It exhibits band inversions at two time reversal symmetry points of the bulk band, which classify it as a weak topological insulator with metallic states on its 'side' surfaces. The mirror symmetry of the crystal structure concurrently classifies it as a topological crystalline insulator. We investigated Bi2TeI spectroscopically to show the existence of both two-dimensional Dirac surface states, which are susceptible to mirror symmetry breaking, and one-dimensional channels that reside along the step edges. Their mutual coexistence on the step edge, where both facets join, is facilitated by momentum and energy segregation. Our observation of a dual topological insulator should stimulate investigations of other dual topology classes with distinct surface manifestations coexisting at their boundaries.