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Journal Article

On the radial acceleration of disc galaxies


Wilhelm,  Klaus
Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Wilhelm, K., & Dwivedi, B. N. (2020). On the radial acceleration of disc galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 494(3), 4015-4025. doi:10.1093/mnras/staa967.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-505B-A
The physical processes defining the dynamics of disc galaxies are still poorly understood. Hundreds of articles have appeared in the literature over the last decades without arriving at an understanding within a consistent gravitational theory. Dark matter (DM) scenarios or a modification of Newtonian dynamics (MOND) are employed to model the non-Keplerian rotation curves in most of the studies, but the nature of DM and its interaction with baryonic matter remains an open question and MOND formulates a mathematical concept without a physical process. We have continued our attempts to use the impact theory of gravitation for a description of the peculiar acceleration and velocity curves and have considered five more galaxies. Using published data of the galaxies NGC 3198, NGC 2403, NGC 1090, UGC 3205, and NGC 1705, it has been possible to find good fits without DM for the observed disc velocities and, as example, also for the extraplanar matter of NGC 3198.