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Journal Article

A paleogenomic reconstruction of the deep population history of the Ande

MPS-Authors
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Barbieri,  Chiara
Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society;

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Posth,  Cosimo
Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society;

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Krause,  Johannes
MHAAM, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society;

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Haak,  Wolfgang
Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society;

External Ressource

Table S1-S8, Data S1
(Supplementary material)

Video Abstract
(Abstract)

Fulltext (public)

shh2591.pdf
(Publisher version), 9MB

Supplementary Material (public)
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Citation

Nakatsuka, N., Lazaridis, I., Barbieri, C., Skoglund, P., Rohland, N., Mallick, S., et al. (2020). A paleogenomic reconstruction of the deep population history of the Ande. Cell, 2020.04.015. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2020.04.015.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-60CA-A
Abstract
Summary There are many unanswered questions about the population history of the Central and South Central Andes, particularly regarding the impact of large-scale societies, such as the Moche, Wari, Tiwanaku, and Inca. We assembled genome-wide data on 89 individuals dating from ∼9,000-500 years ago (BP), with a particular focus on the period of the rise and fall of state societies. Today’s genetic structure began to develop by 5,800 BP, followed by bi-directional gene flow between the North and South Highlands, and between the Highlands and Coast. We detect minimal admixture among neighboring groups between ∼2,000–500 BP, although we do detect cosmopolitanism (people of diverse ancestries living side-by-side) in the heartlands of the Tiwanaku and Inca polities. We also highlight cases of long-range mobility connecting the Andes to Argentina and the Northwest Andes to the Amazon Basin. Video Abstract