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Journal Article

Democratic Policy in Europe


Scharpf,  Fritz W.
Projektbereiche vor 1997, MPI for the Study of Societies, Max Planck Society;

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Scharpf, F. W. (1996). Democratic Policy in Europe. European Law Journal, 2(2), 136-155. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0386.1996.tb00022.x.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-6336-E
This article examines the implications of European integration for democratic self‐determination. Distinguishing between the dimensions of ‘autonomy’ and ‘effectiveness’, it is argued that autonomous processes of democratic participation, public discourse and democratic accountability have not yet been established on the European level. On the other hand, the effectiveness of democratic self‐determination at the national level is increasingly constrained by processes of economic globalisation and even more so by the completion of the European internal market. At the same time, however, conflicts of interest among the Member States of the European Union often stand in the way of effective European problem‐solving in those areas where the nation‐state is losing control. It is argued, therefore, that it would be desirable to allow greater legal scope to national policy choices by limiting the reach of ‘negative integration’ and European competition law in those areas where the Union itself, for political reasons, is incapable of effective action.