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Bioarchaeological perspective on the expansion of Transeurasian languages in Neolithic Amur River basin

MPS-Authors
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Ning,  Chao
Eurasia3angle, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society;

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Robbeets,  Martine
Eurasia3angle, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Cui, Y., Zhang, F., Ma, P., Fan, L., Ning, C., Zhang, Q., et al. (2020). Bioarchaeological perspective on the expansion of Transeurasian languages in Neolithic Amur River basin. Evolutionary Human Sciences, e15. doi:10.1017/ehs.2020.16.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-7279-2
Abstract
Owing to the development of sequencing technology, paleogenomics has become an important source of information on human migration and admixture, complementing findings from archaeology and linguistics. In this study, we retrieved the whole genome and Y chromosome lineage from late Neolithic Honghe individuals in the Middle Amur region in order to provide a bioarchaeological perspective on the origin and expansion of Transeurasian languages in the Amur River basin. Our genetic analysis reveals that the population of the Amur River basin has a stable and continuous genetic structure from the Mesolithic Age up to date. Integrating linguistic and archaeological evidence, we support the hypothesis that the expansion of the Transeurasian language system in the Amur River basin is related to the agricultural development and expansion of the southern Hongshan culture. The spread of agricultural technology resulted in the addition of millet cultivation to the original subsistence mode of fishing and hunting. It played a vital role in the expansion of the population of the region, which in its turn has contributed to the spread of language.