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From spiral cleavage to bilateral symmetry: the developmental cell lineage of the annelid brain.

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Handberg-Thorsager,  Mette
Max Planck Institute for Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Vopalensky, P., Tosches, M. A., Achim, K., Handberg-Thorsager, M., & Arendt, D. (2019). From spiral cleavage to bilateral symmetry: the developmental cell lineage of the annelid brain. BMC biology, 17(1): 81. doi:10.1186/s12915-019-0705-x.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-7DAA-F
Abstract
During early development, patterns of cell division-embryonic cleavage-accompany the gradual restriction of blastomeres to specific cell fates. In Spiralia, which include annelids, mollusks, and flatworms, "spiral cleavage" produces a highly stereotypic, spiral-like arrangement of blastomeres and swimming trochophore-type larvae with rotational (spiral) symmetry. However, starting at larval stages, spiralian larvae acquire elements of bilateral symmetry, before they metamorphose into fully bilateral juveniles. How this spiral-to-bilateral transition occurs is not known and is especially puzzling for the early differentiating brain and head sensory organs, which emerge directly from the spiral cleavage pattern. Here we present the developmental cell lineage of the Platynereis larval episphere.