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Journal Article

Bioinspired ionic sensory systems : the successor of electronics


Xiao,  Kai
Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;


Antonietti,  Markus
Markus Antonietti, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Xiao, K., Wan, C., Jiang, L., Chen, X., & Antonietti, M. (2020). Bioinspired ionic sensory systems: the successor of electronics. Advanced Materials, 32(31): 2000218. doi:10.1002/adma.202000218.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-8681-0
Abstract All biological systems, including animals and plants, communicate in a language of ions and small molecules, while the modern information infrastructures and technologies rely on a language of electrons. Although electronics and bioelectronics have made great progress in the past several decades, they still face the disadvantage of signal transformation when communicating with biology. To narrow the gap between biological systems and artificial-intelligence systems, bioinspired ion-transport-based sensory systems should be developed as successor of electronics, since they can emulate biological functionality more directly and communicate with biology seamlessly. Herein, the essential principles of (accurate) ion transport are introduced, and the recent progress in the development of three elements of an ionic sensory system is reviewed: ionic sensors, ionic processors, and ionic interfaces. The current challenges and future developments of ion-transport-based sensory systems are also discussed.