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Direct observation of the energy gain underpinning ferromagnetic superexchange in the electronic structure of CrGeTe3

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Marković,  Igor
Physics of Quantum Materials, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Morales,  Edgar A.
Physics of Quantum Materials, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Watson, M. D., Marković, I., Mazzola, F., Rajan, A., Morales, E. A., Burn, D. M., et al. (2020). Direct observation of the energy gain underpinning ferromagnetic superexchange in the electronic structure of CrGeTe3. Physical Review B, 101(20): 205125, pp. 1-7. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.101.205125.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-89F9-7
Abstract
We investigate the temperature-dependent electronic structure of the van der Waals ferromagnet, CrGeTe3. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we identify atomic- and orbital-specific band shifts upon cooling through T-c. From these, together with x-ray absorption spectroscopy and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements, we identify the states created by a covalent bond between the Te 5p and the Cr e(g) orbitals as the primary driver of the ferromagnetic ordering in this system, while it is the Cr t(2g) states that carry the majority of the spin moment. The t(2g) states furthermore exhibit a marked bandwidth increase and a remarkable lifetime enhancement upon entering the ordered phase, pointing to a delicate interplay between localized and itinerant states in this family of layered ferromagnets.