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Journal Article

First-principles calculation of shift current in chalcopyrite semiconductor ZnSnP2


Zhang,  Yang
Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Sadhukhan, B., Zhang, Y., Ray, R., & van den Brink, J. (2020). First-principles calculation of shift current in chalcopyrite semiconductor ZnSnP2. Physical Review Materials, 4(6): 064602, pp. 1-8. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.064602.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-9815-7
The bulk photovoltaic effect generates intrinsic photocurrents in materials without inversion symmetry. Shift current is one of the bulk photovoltaic phenomena related to the Berry phase of the constituting electronic bands: photoexcited carriers coherently shift in real space due to the difference in the Berry connection between the valence and conduction bands. Ferroelectric semiconductors and Weyl semimetals are known to exhibit such nonlinear optical phenomena. Here we consider the chalcopyrite semiconductor ZnSnP2, which lacks inversion symmetry, and calculate the shift-current conductivity. We find that the magnitude of the shift current is comparable to the recently measured values on other ferroelectric semiconductors and an order of magnitude larger than bismuth ferrite. The peak response for both optical and shift-current conductivity, which mainly comes from P-3p and Sn-5p orbitals, is several eV above the band gap.