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Journal Article

Transition from ordered pinched to warped magnetic field on a 100 au scale in the Class 0 protostar B335


Zhao,  Bo
Center for Astrochemical Studies at MPE, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Yen, H.-W., Zhao, B., Koch, P., Krasnopolsky, R., Li, Z.-Y., Ohashi, N., et al. (2020). Transition from ordered pinched to warped magnetic field on a 100 au scale in the Class 0 protostar B335. The Astrophysical Journal, 893(1): 54. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab7eb3.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-981E-E
We present our observational results of the 0.87 mm polarized dust emission in the Class 0 protostar B335 obtained with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) at a 0.〞2 (20 au) resolution. We compared our data at 0.87 mm with those at 1.3 mm from the ALMA archive. The observed polarization orientations at the two wavelengths are consistent within the uncertainty, and the polarization percentages are systematically higher at 1.3 mm than 0.87 mm by a factor of ~1.7, suggesting that the polarized emission originates from magnetically aligned dust grains. We inferred the magnetic field orientations from the observed polarization orientations. We found that the magnetic field changes from ordered and highly pinched to more complicated and asymmetric structures within the inner 100 au scale of B335, and the magnetic field connects to the center along the equatorial plane as well as along the directions that are ~40°–60° from the equatorial plane. We performed nonideal MHD simulations of collapsing dense cores. We found that similar magnetic field structures appear in our simulations of dense cores with the magnetic field and rotational axis slightly misaligned by 15° but not in those with the aligned magnetic field and rotational axis. Our results suggest that the midplane of the inner envelope within the inner 100 au scale of B335 could be warped because of the misaligned magnetic field and rotational axis, and the magnetic field could be dragged by the warped accretion flows.