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Dual Pair Correspondence in Physics: Oscillator Realizations and Representations


Mojaza,  Matin
Quantum Gravity & Unified Theories, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Basile, T., Joung, E., Mkrtchyan, K., & Mojaza, M. (2020). Dual Pair Correspondence in Physics: Oscillator Realizations and Representations. Journal of High Energy Physics, 2020(9): 20. doi:10.1007/JHEP09(2020)020.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-B497-4
We study general aspects of the reductive dual pair correspondence, also known as Howe duality. We make an explicit and systematic treatment, where we first derive the oscillator realizations of all irreducible dual pairs: $(GL(M,\mathbb R), GL(N,\mathbb R))$, $(GL(M,\mathbb C), GL(N,\mathbb C))$, $(U^*(2M), U^*(2N))$, $(U(M_+,M_-), U(N_+,N_-))$, $(O(N_+,N_-),Sp(2M,\mathbb R))$, $(O(N,\mathbb C), Sp(2M,\mathbb C))$ and $(O^*(2N), Sp(M_+,M_-))$. Then, we decompose the Fock space into irreducible representations of each group in the dual pairs for the cases where one member of the pair is compact as well as the first non-trivial cases of where it is non-compact. We discuss the relevance of these representations in several physical applications throughout this analysis. In particular, we discuss peculiarities of their branching properties. Finally, closed-form expressions relating all Casimir operators of two groups in a pair are established.