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The EFT likelihood for large-scale structure

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Cabass,  Giovanni
Physical Cosmology, MPI for Astrophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Schmidt,  Fabian
Physical Cosmology, MPI for Astrophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Cabass, G., & Schmidt, F. (2020). The EFT likelihood for large-scale structure. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2020(4): 042. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2020/04/042.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-B82A-C
Abstract
We derive, using functional methods and the bias expansion, the conditional likelihood for observing a specific tracer field given an underlying matter field. This likelihood is necessary for Bayesian-inference methods. If we neglect all stochastic terms apart from the ones appearing in the auto two-point function of tracers, we recover the result of Schmidt et al., 2018 [1]. We then rigorously derive the corrections to this result, such as those coming from a non-Gaussian stochasticity (which include the stochastic corrections to the tracer bispectrum) and higher-derivative terms. We discuss how these corrections can affect current applications of Bayesian inference. We comment on possible extensions to our result, with a particular eye towards primordial non-Gaussianity. This work puts on solid theoretical grounds the effective-field-theory-(EFT-)based approach to Bayesian forward modeling.