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Tirar a matar en cumplimiento de un deber : Una aproximación al fundamento y límites de los deberes positivos de protección policial

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Citation

Coca Vila, I. (2017). Tirar a matar en cumplimiento de un deber: Una aproximación al fundamento y límites de los deberes positivos de protección policial. Revista Electrónica de Ciencia Penal y Criminología, (19): 24.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-BA28-C
Abstract
While it is undisputed that a police officer can resort to the use of force to accomplish lawful objectives, the question remains: is he obliged to do so? To what extent is the police officer criminally liable if by refusing to use force he fails to prevent a crime? Can a criminal law system legitimately impose a duty of protection whose compliance may require, in an extreme situation, the killing of a citizen? This paper aims to answer these three questions. To this end, I first examine the rationale and limits of the protection duties of police officers in the Spanish legal system. Next, I address the problem of the legal-criminal nature of the police officer's duty to protect individuals against crimes: is it a duty of guarantor or a mere duty to carry out so-called "easy rescues" (Arts. 412.3 and 450 CP)? The paper concludes by examining the legitimacy of a duty to protect which may require the use of lethal force.