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Journal Article

Shape-Dependent Catalytic Oxidation of 2-Butanol over Pt Nanoparticles Supported on γ-Al2O3

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Citation

Mistry, H., Behafarid, F., Zhou, E., Ono, L. K., Zhang, L., & Roldan Cuenya, B. (2014). Shape-Dependent Catalytic Oxidation of 2-Butanol over Pt Nanoparticles Supported on γ-Al2O3. ACS Catalysis, 4(1), 109-115. doi:/10.1021/cs400888n.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-C310-B
Abstract
This study illustrates the effect of nanoparticle (NP) shape on the reactivity of size-selected Pt/γ-Al2O3 nanocatalysts for 2-butanol oxidation. Nanoparticles similar in size [transmission electron microscopy (TEM) diameter of ∼1 nm] but with different shapes were prepared via encapsulation in inverse micelles. The NP shape was resolved by combining information extracted from extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS) data, TEM, and modeling. A correlation was observed between the average first nearest neighbor coordination number of atoms at the NP surface and their catalytic activity. In particular, the NPs with the largest number of weakly coordinated surface atoms (i.e., edges and corners) were found to be the least active for the total oxidation of 2-butanol. This result highlights that not only size but also shape control must be achieved to tailor the catalytic properties of nanoscale materials.