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LptC from Anabaena sp. PCC 7120: Expression, purification and crystallization

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Centola,  Martin
Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Pogoryelov,  Denys
Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Yildiz,  Özkan
Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Ngo, G., Centola, M., Krasnoselska, G., Pogoryelov, D., Yildiz, Ö., & Schleiff, E. (2020). LptC from Anabaena sp. PCC 7120: Expression, purification and crystallization. Protein Expression and Purification, 175: 105689. doi:10.1016/j.pep.2020.105689.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-0DA0-6
Abstract
Lipopolysaccharides are central elements of the outer leaflet of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria and as such, of cyanobacteria. In the past, the structural analysis of the system in proteobacteria like Escherichia coli has contributed to a deep understanding of the transport of lipopolysaccharides from plasma membrane to the outer membrane. While many components of the transport system are conserved between proteobacteria and cyanobacteria, the periplasmic LptC appears to be distinct. The cyanobacterial proteins are twice as long as the proteobacterial proteins or proteins from firmicutes. This prompted the question whether the structure of the cyanobacterial proteins is comparable the one of the proteobacterial proteins. To address this question, we expressed LptC from Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 in E. coli as truncated protein without the transmembrane segment. We purified the protein utilizing HIS-tag based affinity chromatography and polished the protein after removal of the tag by size exclusion chromatography. The purified recombinant protein was crystallized by the sitting-drop vapor diffusion technique and best crystals, despite being twinned, diffracted to a resolution of 2.6 Å.