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Thermodynamic properties of Pt nanoparticles: Size, shape, support, and adsorbate effects

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Roldan Cuenya, B., Ortigoza, M. A. ́., Ono, L. K., Behafarif, F., Mostafa, S., Croy, J. R., et al. (2011). Thermodynamic properties of Pt nanoparticles: Size, shape, support, and adsorbate effects. Physical Review B, 84(24): 245438. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.245438.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-CD29-6
This study presents a systematic investigation of the thermodynamic properties of free and γ-Al2O3-supported size-controlled Pt nanoparticles (NPs) and their evolution with decreasing NP size. A combination of in situ extended x-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy (EXAFS), ex situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements, and NP shape modeling revealed (i) a cross over from positive to negative thermal expansion with decreasing particle size, (ii) size- and shape-dependent changes in the mean square bond-projected bond-length fluctuations, and (iii) enhanced Debye temperatures (ΘD, relative to bulk Pt) with a bimodal size-dependence for NPs in the size range of ∼0.8–5.4 nm. For large NP sizes (diameter d >1.5 nm) ΘD was found to decrease toward ΘD of bulk Pt with increasing NP size. For NPs ≤ 1 nm, a monotonic decrease of ΘD was observed with decreasing NP size and increasing number of low-coordinated surface atoms. Our density functional theory calculations confirm the size- and shape-dependence of the vibrational properties of our smallest NPs and show how their behavior may be tuned by H desorption from the NPs. The experimental results can be partly attributed to thermally induced changes in the coverage of the adsorbate (H<suv>2</suv>) used during the EXAFS measurements, bearing in mind that the interaction of the Pt NPs with the stiff, high-melting temperature γ-Al2O3 support may also play a role. The calculations also provide good qualitative agreement with the trends in the mean square bond-projected bond-length fluctuations measured via EXAFS. Furthermore, they revealed that part of the ΘD enhancement observed experimentally for the smallest NPs (d ≤ 1 nm) might be assigned to the specific sensitivity of EXAFS, which is intrinsically limited to bond-projected bond-length fluctuations.