Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse




Journal Article

A case of dwarfism in 6th century Italy: Bioarchaeological assessment of a hereditary disorder


Benazzi,  Stefano       
Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society;

External Resource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (restricted access)
There are currently no full texts shared for your IP range.
Fulltext (public)
There are no public fulltexts stored in PuRe
Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available

Traversari, M., Da Via, S., Petrella, E., Feeney, R. N., & Benazzi, S. (2020). A case of dwarfism in 6th century Italy: Bioarchaeological assessment of a hereditary disorder. International Journal of Paleopathology, 30, 110-117. doi:10.1016/j.ijpp.2020.03.003.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-FAC7-0
The skeletal remains of a short-statured individual (T17) are described and a differential diagnosis performed to determine the etiology of the condition.
An individual considered pathologically short in stature was discovered in the burial site of Piazza XX Settembre, Modena (northern Italy).
Morphological and morphometric analyses were performed, and T17 was compared to dwarfs from other localities and periods and to the adult female population from the same site. A paleopathological survey was undertaken to assess the degree of the skeletal elements of T17 were affected.
T17 was a female, 20–30 years of age at death, with a stature of 128 cm and disproportionate dwarfism associated with congenital skeletal dysplasia.
T17 likely affected by a form of hypochondroplasia.
Anatomical consequences of hypochondroplasia are presented, and the timeframe and associated burial goods suggest a 6th-century Lombard short stature belonging to one of the earliest Lombard settlements in Italy.
Suggestions for further research
Future genetic analysis would resolve if the mutation in the type 3 fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR3) is present in the remains of T17; however, it is not exclusivly linked to hypochondroplasia.