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Modeling membrane morphological change during autophagosome formation

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Knorr,  Roland L.
Roland Knorr, Theorie & Bio-Systeme, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Sakai, Y., Koyama-Honda, I., Tachikawa, M., Knorr, R. L., & Mizushima, N. (2020). Modeling membrane morphological change during autophagosome formation. iScience, 23(9): 101466. doi:10.1016/j.isci.2020.101466.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-05F4-0
Abstract
Summary Autophagy is an intracellular degradation process that is mediated by de novo formation of autophagosomes. Autophagosome formation involves dynamic morphological changes; a disk-shaped membrane cisterna grows, bends to become a cup-shaped structure, and finally develops into a spherical autophagosome. We have constructed a theoretical model that integrates the membrane morphological change and entropic partitioning of putative curvature generators, which we have used to investigate the autophagosome formation process quantitatively. We show that the membrane curvature and the distribution of the curvature generators stabilize disk- and cup-shaped intermediate structures during autophagosome formation, which is quantitatively consistent with in vivo observations. These results suggest that various autophagy proteins with membrane curvature-sensing properties control morphological change by stabilizing these intermediate structures. Our model provides a framework for understanding autophagosome formation.