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Journal Article

Pearson cross-correlation in the first four black hole binary mergers


Nielsen,  Alex B.
Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Marcoccia, P., Fredriksson, F., Nielsen, A. B., & Nardini, G. (2020). Pearson cross-correlation in the first four black hole binary mergers. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2020(11): 043. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2020/11/043.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-067C-8
We adopt the Pearson cross-correlation measure to analyze the LIGO Hanford and LIGO Livingston detector data streams around the events GW150914, GW151012,GW151226 and GW170104. We find that the Pearson cross-correlation method is sensitive to these signals, with correlations peaking when the black hole binaries reconstructed by the LIGO Scientific and Virgo Collaborations, are merging. We compare the obtained cross-correlations with the statistical correlation fluctuations arising in simulated Gaussian noise data and in LIGO data at times when no event is claimed. Our results for the significance of the observed cross-correlations are broadly consistent with those announced by the LIGO Scientific and Virgo Collaborations based on matched-filter analysis. In the same data, if we subtract the maximum likelihood waveforms corresponding to the announced signals, no residual cross-correlations persists at a statistically significant level.