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Dynamics of the Milky Way Bar/Bulge


Gerhard,  Ortwin
Optical and Interpretative Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Gerhard, O. (2019). Dynamics of the Milky Way Bar/Bulge. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-0CD6-B
Stellar surveys and dynamical models have recently led to important progress on understanding the dynamical structure of the Milky Way’s bar and central box/peanut bulge. This talk briefly reviews the density structure of the bulge and bar from star count tomography, the cylindrical rotation of bulge stars, and the measurements of their stellar masses and pattern speed that have been obtained by fitting dynamical models to the combined star count and line-of-sight velocity data. Recent work deriving absolute proper motions throughout the bulge from the VIRAC survey and Gaia has led to a new 3D measurement of the barred bulge kinematics which is expected to greatly improve the dynamical models, and has already confirmed the relatively slow pattern speed (∼40 kms−1 kpc−1) obtained from the previous dynamical and gas-dynamical modelling.