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In-cell architecture of the nuclear pore and snapshots of its turnover

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Wilfling,  Florian
Jentsch, Stefan / Molecular Cell Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Lee,  Chia-Wei
Baumeister, Wolfgang / Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Pfander,  Boris
Pfander, Boris / DNA Replication and Genome Integrity, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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https://rdcu.be/b7NK6
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Citation

Allegretti, M., Zimmerli, C. E., Rantos, V., Wilfling, F., Ronchi, P., Fung, H. K. H., et al. (2020). In-cell architecture of the nuclear pore and snapshots of its turnover. Nature, 586, 796-800. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2670-5.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-14B7-4
Abstract
In-cell structural studies inSaccharomyces cerevisiaereveal that the configuration of the Nup159 complex is a key determinant of the mRNA export function of the nuclear pore complex, and suggest a model in which nuclear pore complexes are degraded via the autophagy machinery. Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) fuse the inner and outer membranes of the nuclear envelope. They comprise hundreds of nucleoporins (Nups) that assemble into multiple subcomplexes and form large central channels for nucleocytoplasmic exchange(1,2). How this architecture facilitates messenger RNA export, NPC biogenesis and turnover remains poorly understood. Here we combine in situ structural biology and integrative modelling with correlative light and electron microscopy and molecular perturbation to structurally analyse NPCs in intactSaccharomyces cerevisiaecells within the context of nuclear envelope remodelling. We find an in situ conformation and configuration of the Nup subcomplexes that was unexpected from the results of previous in vitro analyses. The configuration of the Nup159 complex appears critical to spatially accommodate its function as an mRNA export platform, and as a mediator of NPC turnover. The omega-shaped nuclear envelope herniae that accumulate innup116 Delta cells(3)conceal partially assembled NPCs lacking multiple subcomplexes, including the Nup159 complex. Under conditions of starvation, herniae of a second type are formed that cytoplasmically expose NPCs. These results point to a model of NPC turnover in which NPC-containing vesicles bud off from the nuclear envelope before degradation by the autophagy machinery. Our study emphasizes the importance of investigating the structure-function relationship of macromolecular complexes in their cellular context.