Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse




Journal Article

Novel properties of the depolarization-induced endogenous sodium conductance in the Xenopus laevis oocyte


Rettinger,  Jürgen
Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

External Resource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (restricted access)
There are currently no full texts shared for your IP range.
Fulltext (public)
There are no public fulltexts stored in PuRe
Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available

Rettinger, J. (1999). Novel properties of the depolarization-induced endogenous sodium conductance in the Xenopus laevis oocyte. Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology, 437, 917-924. doi:10.1007/s004240050863.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-1DAF-5
It has been shown by means of the two-microelectrode voltage-clamp technique that in membranes of Xenopus laevis oocytes a Na+-selective permeability can be activated by long-lasting or repetitive depolarization (R.T. Kado and C. Baud, Journal of Physiology, Paris, 77:1113–1117, 1981). In this study the permeability in inside-out giant membrane patches with diameters of 20–30 µm was analysed. Once induced, the Na+ permeability has a voltage-dependent open probability that increases with positive potentials and half-maximally activates at about 0 mV. Sudden changes of membrane potential elicit transient currents with strongly voltage-dependent time constants of from less than 1 ms at –150 mV to several hundreds of milliseconds at positive potentials. In contrast to the on-cell configuration, the permeability ceases completely within a few minutes in the cell-free inside-out configuration. This rundown can be prevented by including MgATP, but not Mg2+ or ATP alone, in the intracellular solution. Intracellular Mg2+ ions, in addition to being a co-factor for ATP in the activation process, decrease the permeability in a dose-dependent manner. Steady-state fluctuation analysis gave no evidence that an increased noise level is caused by open–close kinetics of an ion channel, suggesting that the single-channel conductance is below 1 pS if a channel-like structure is the origin of the endogenous Na+ permeability.