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News from horizons in binary black hole mergers

MPS-Authors
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Bose,  Sukanta
Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Krishnan,  Badri
Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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2003.06215.pdf
(Preprint), 359KB

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Citation

Prasad, V., Gupta, A., Bose, S., Krishnan, B., & Schnetter, E. (2020). News from horizons in binary black hole mergers. Physical Review Letters, 125: 121101. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.121101.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-1F27-C
Abstract
In a binary black hole merger, it is known that the inspiral portion of the waveform corresponds to two distinct horizons orbiting each other, and the merger and ringdown signals correspond to the final horizon being formed and settling down to equilibrium. However, we still lack a detailed understanding of the relation between the horizon geometry in these three regimes and the observed waveform. Here we show that the well known inspiral chirp waveform has a clear counterpart on black hole horizons, namely, the shear of the outgoing null rays at the horizon. We demonstrate that the shear behaves very much like a compact binary coalescence waveform with increasing frequency and amplitude. Furthermore, the parameters of the system estimated from the horizon agree with those estimated from the waveform. This implies that even though black hole horizons are causally disconnected from us, assuming general relativity to be true, we can potentially infer some of their detailed properties from gravitational wave observations.