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Model wave functions for interfaces between lattice Laughlin states

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Nielsen,  Anne E. B.
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Jaworowski, B., & Nielsen, A. E. B. (2020). Model wave functions for interfaces between lattice Laughlin states. Physical Review B, 101(24): 245164. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.101.245164.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-4338-F
Abstract
We study the interfaces between lattice Laughlin states at different fillings. We propose a class of model wave functions for such systems constructed using conformal field theory. We find a nontrivial form of charge conservation at the interface, similar to the one encountered in the field theory works from the literature. Using Monte Carlo methods, we evaluate the correlation function and entanglement entropy at the border. Furthermore, we construct the wave function for quasihole excitations and evaluate their mutual statistics with respect to quasiholes originating on the same or the other side of the interface. We show that some of these excitations lose their anyonic statistics when crossing the interface, which can be interpreted as impermeability of the interface to these anyons. Contrary to most of the previous works on interfaces between topological orders, our approach is microscopic, allowing for a direct simulation of, e.g., an anyon crossing the interface. Even though we determine the properties of the wave function numerically, the closed-form expressions allow us to study systems too large to be simulated by exact diagonalization.