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Spectroscopic and biochemical insight into an electron-bifurcating [FeFe] hydrogenase

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Chongdar,  Nipa
Research Department DeBeer, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Rüdiger,  Olaf
Research Department DeBeer, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Reijerse,  Edward J.
Research Department DeBeer, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Rodriguez-Macia,  Patricia
Research Department DeBeer, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Birrell,  James A.
Research Department DeBeer, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Chongdar, N., Pawlak, K., Rüdiger, O., Reijerse, E. J., Rodriguez-Macia, P., Lubitz, W., et al. (2020). Spectroscopic and biochemical insight into an electron-bifurcating [FeFe] hydrogenase. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 25(1), 135-149. doi:10.1007/s00775-019-01747-1.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-8536-6
Abstract
The heterotrimeric electron-bifurcating [FeFe] hydrogenase (HydABC) from Thermotoga maritima (Tm) couples the endergonic reduction of protons (H+) by dihydronicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) ( increment G(0) approximate to 18 kJ mol(-1)) to the exergonic reduction of H+ by reduced ferredoxin (Fd(red)) ( increment G(0) approximate to - 16 kJ mol(-1)). The specific mechanism by which HydABC functions is not understood. In the current study, we describe the biochemical and spectroscopic characterization of TmHydABC recombinantly produced in Escherichia coli and artificially maturated with a synthetic diiron cofactor. We found that TmHydABC catalyzed the hydrogen (H-2)-dependent reduction of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) in the presence of oxidized ferredoxin (Fd(ox)) at a rate of approximate to 17 mu mol NADH min(-1) mg(-1). Our data suggest that only one flavin is present in the enzyme and is not likely to be the site of electron bifurcation. FTIR and EPR spectroscopy, as well as FTIR spectroelectrochemistry, demonstrated that the active site for H-2 conversion, the H-cluster, in TmHydABC behaves essentially the same as in prototypical [FeFe] hydrogenases, and is most likely also not the site of electron bifurcation. The implications of these results are discussed with respect to the current hypotheses on the electron bifurcation mechanism of [FeFe] hydrogenases. Overall, the results provide insight into the electron-bifurcating mechanism and present a well-defined system for further investigations of this fascinating class of [FeFe] hydrogenases. Graphic abstract