English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Journal Article

From pragmatics to sentence type: Non-topical S/A arguments and clause-second particles in the Kalahari Basin

MPS-Authors
/persons/resource/persons72714

Güldemann,  Tom
Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society;

External Ressource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (public)
There are no public fulltexts stored in PuRe
Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Güldemann, T., Pratchett, L. J., & Witzlack-Makarevich, A. (2019). From pragmatics to sentence type: Non-topical S/A arguments and clause-second particles in the Kalahari Basin. Gengo Kenkyu, 154, 53-84. doi:10.11435/gengo.154.0_53.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-7ADB-A
Abstract
Languages of the Kalahari Basin contact area share a feature whereby a special type of particle occurs in clause-second position, often after the S/A constituent. Previous accounts have used a wide range of labels such as declarative, indicative, emphatic nominative, or topic, which point to a diverse but insufficiently understood functional array of this particle type. We address the phenomenon from a discourse-oriented and comparative perspective by exploring relevant cases in languages of three different families: Northern Khoekhoe of Khoe-Kwadi, Nǁng of Tuu, and Ju of Kxʼa. We conclude that the particles are involved in a network of constructions spanning such diverse domains as nonverbal predication, focus, entity-central theticity, declarative, and possibly even differential S/A marking. The last two functions that relate to sentence types and grammatical relations, respectively, and (may) no longer display a marked information structure (IS) configuration, emerge from the overuse of thetic particle constructions and thus are the result of so-called “depragmaticization”.