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Theoretical Evaluation of Structural Models of the S2 State in the Oxygen Evolving Complex of Photosystem II: Protonation States and Magnetic Interactions

MPS-Authors

Ames,  William
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Pantazis,  Dimitrios A.
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

Krewald,  Vera
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

Cox,  Nicholas
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Lubitz,  Wolfgang
Research Department Lubitz, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Neese,  Frank
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Ames, W., Pantazis, D. A., Krewald, V., Cox, N., Messinger, J., Lubitz, W., et al. (2011). Theoretical Evaluation of Structural Models of the S2 State in the Oxygen Evolving Complex of Photosystem II: Protonation States and Magnetic Interactions. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 133(49), 19743-19757. doi:10.1021/ja2041805.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-3759-8
Abstract
Protonation states of water ligands and oxo bridges are intimately involved in tuning the electronic structures and oxidation potentials of the oxygen evolving complex (OEC) in Photosystem II, steering the mechanistic pathway, which involves at least five redox state intermediates Sn (n = 0–4) resulting in the oxidation of water to molecular oxygen. Although protons are practically invisible in protein crystallography, their effects on the electronic structure and magnetic properties of metal active sites can be probed using spectroscopy. With the twin purpose of aiding the interpretation of the complex electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopic data of the OEC and of improving the view of the cluster at the atomic level, a complete set of protonation configurations for the S2 state of the OEC were investigated, and their distinctive effects on magnetic properties of the cluster were evaluated. The most recent X-ray structure of Photosystem II at 1.9 Å resolution was used and refined to obtain the optimum structure for the Mn4O5Ca core within the protein pocket. Employing this model, a set of 26 structures was constructed that tested various protonation scenarios of the water ligands and oxo bridges. Our results suggest that one of the two water molecules that are proposed to coordinate the outer Mn ion (MnA) of the cluster is deprotonated in the S2 state, as this leads to optimal experimental agreement, reproducing the correct ground state spin multiplicity (S = 1/2), spin expectation values, and EXAFS-derived metal–metal distances. Deprotonation of Ca2+-bound water molecules is strongly disfavored in the S2 state, but dissociation of one of the two water ligands appears to be facile. The computed isotropic hyperfine couplings presented here allow distinctions between models to be made and call into question the assumption that the largest coupling is always attributable to MnIII. The present results impose limits for the total charge and the proton configuration of the OEC in the S2 state, with implications for the cascade of events in the Kok cycle and for the water splitting mechanism.